Originally built in the late 18th century for Empress Catherine the Great (Catherine II), the Palace was used as a resting place for travelling noblemen on their journeys from Saint Petersburg to Moscow.

Russian architect Matvey Kazakov designed this luxurious building in the finest tradition of the Romantic Neo-Gothic style. Palace gardens were later transformed into a beautiful landscape park, which is known as one of the most picturesque parks in Moscow.

All Russian Emperors paid visits to the Palace. The Petroff Palace was the last step in the sovereigns’ ascension to the throne as they stopped here for a refreshing break before arriving at the coronation ceremony, which always took place in Moscow. During the 1812 war, Napoleon Bonapartes headquarters were set up in the Petroff Palace. From this very place, Napoleon watched the fire of Moscow, the city that refused to bow down to the conqueror. The Palace, ravaged after Napoleons flight from Moscow, was reconstructed by the Russian Emperor Nicholas I. Once again, the renovated halls of the Palace were ready to welcome the members of the royal family, as well as receive important noble delegations.

After the 1917 Revolution, the Palace changed hands several times and served as the Red Aviation Museum, and later accommodated the Air Force Academy.

In 1999, the historic buildings ownership was given back to the City of Moscow. A complete restoration and refurbishment was initiated, which lasted ten years.

The Palace was equipped with the newest possible technology, while preserving its charm and history. Today, as in the days of old, the Petroff Palace's doors are open to the most honorable, top-level visitors.